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2014考研英语二真题(网络版)

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  Section I Use of English
 
  Directions
 
  Read the following text Choose the best words for each numbered blank and mark A B C or D on ANSWER SHEET10 points
 
  Thinner isn’t always better A number of studies have __1___ that normalweight people are in fact at higher risk of some diseases compared to those who are overweight And there are health conditions for which being overweight is actually ___2___ For example heavier women are less likely to develop calcium deficiency than thin women ___3___ among the elderly being somewhat overweight is often an ___4___ of good health
 
  Of even greater ___5___ is the fact that obesity turns out to be very difficult to define It is often defined ___6___ body mass index or BMI BMI ___7__ body mass divided by the square of height An adult with a BMI of 18 to 25 is often considered to be normal weight Between 25 and 30 is overweight And over 30 is considered obese Obesity ___8___can be divided into moderately obese severely obese and very severely obese
 
  While such numerical standards seem 9 they are not Obesity is probably less a matter of weight than body fat Some people with a high BMI are in fact extremely fit 10 others with a low BMI may be in poor 11 For example many collegiate and professional football players 12 as obese though their percentage body fat is low Conversely someone with a small frame may have high body fat but a 13 BMI
 
  Today we have aan _14 _ to label obesity as a disgraceThe overweight are sometimes_15_in the media with their faces covered Stereotypes _16_ with obesity include laziness lack of will powerand lower prospects for successTeachersemployersand health professionals have been shown to harbor biases against the obese _17_very young children tend to look down on the overweight and teasing about body build has long been a problem in schools
 
  1 [A] denied [B] conduced [C] doubled [D] ensured
 
  2 [A] protective [B] dangerous [C] sufficient [D]troublesome
 
  3 [A] Instead [B] However [C] Likewise [D] Therefore
 
  4 [A] indicator [B] objective [C] origin [D] example
 
  5 [A] impact [B] relevance [C] assistance [D] concern
 
  6 [A] in terms of [B] in case of [C] in favor of [D] in of
 
  7 [A] measures [B] determines [C] equals [D] modifies
 
  8 [A] in essence [B] in contrast [C] in turn [D] in part
 
  9 [A] complicated [B] conservative [C] variable [D] straightforward
 
  10 [A] so [B] unlike [C] since [D] unless
 
  11 [A] shape [B] spirit [C] balance [D] taste
 
  12 [A] start [B] quality [C] retire [D] stay
 
  13 [A] strange [B] changeable [C] normal [D] constant
 
  14 [A] option [B] reason [C] opportunity [D] tendency
 
  15 [A] employed [B] pictured [C] imitated [D] monitored
 
  16 [A] [B] combined [C] settled [D] associated
 
  17 [A] Even [B] Still [C] Yet [D] Only
 
  18 [A] despised [B] corrected [C] ignored [D] grounded
 
  19 [A] discussions [B] businesses [C] policies [D] studies
 
  20 [A] for [B] against [C] with [D] without
 
 
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